Because stone patients are exposed to radiation recurrently throughout their lives, learning how to manage radiation is very important. Dr. Lipkin describes a variety of tips and techniques with specific examples to manage radiation in the OR.
— Positioning the bed and table relative the C-arm throughout the case to help reduce x-ray radiation
— Using low does function on the C-arm
— Limiting live fluoroscopy and using prone split leg position
— In depth discussion on radiation exposure during PCNL using air vs. contrast